A sound theory is based partially on fact, sound logical premises and enough evidence to argue in favor of the claims that are made. A conspiracy theory generally is based on an inability to obtain complete proof, but on evidence which may or may not be interpreted correctly to arrive at conclusions that a conspiracy exists.
A conspiracy is the action of a group of people or the members of an agency or enterprise to enact deeds without being discovered. In a legitimate classified or private endeavor, the deeds are within the law and the group effort is kept private in order to protect patents, to get ahead of the competition, or to honor the rights of the group to privacy.
In a conspiracy, the endeavor is outside or above the legal authority of the group, or is dishonorable, illegal, controversial, harmful to others or is a possible cause of widespread panic that would disrupt society. Withholding information about a known and pending disaster or attack, for example, would constitute a conspiracy to keep the public in the dark, preventing individuals from preparing themselves for their own protection. Conspiring to commit a crime, such as planning for a bank robbery or to divert public funds to pay off private individuals is another example.
Even though specific action may never be carried out, the conspiracy exists when individuals plan and agree to work together to commit the action. As a result, many are arrested on conspiracy charges throughout the world, even though they have not actually carried out any crimes or illegal acts.
The term “conspiracy theory”, however, generally applies to very powerful and very large organizations, governments and groups which intend to commit acts or which have been committing acts in secret which will affect large numbers of people. The most popular conspiracy theories involve massive operations that are difficult to observe, prove, film, or record because of the powerful security forces and authorities which prevent members of the public from access to the operations.
Whenever a government operates a massive installation, with clearly vast underground features and aggressive security, then the government can automatically be considered to be conspiring to withhold facts from the public.The public has a certain tolerance for such secrecy when national security is at stake, but very little tolerance for wholesale concealment of activities that are not justified or explained to the public. When the speculation about the nature and reason for the massive operations begins, it is a sign that anything from captured or hosted aliens, to a massive underground biome for the support of the elite in the event of a catastrophic disaster can be put forth as theory.
Conspiracy theories gain legitimacy when the government, corporation or organization refuses to answer questions about their operations, or to allow public observations that satisfy curiousity. In addition, when aggressive action by security personnel and agencies to supress witness statements or to enforce secrecy, the conspiracy aspect outweighs national security or right to privacy as an explanation. With no action is taken to disprove theories and speculation, theories and speculation take on a more powerful position. In other words, when the truth is withheld, any supposition that is supported by some evidence takes on power.
Conspiracy theories gain legitimacy and power when those who have great power, money and influence publicly espousing intentions and ideas, such as eliminating all but 500 million humans. The evidence of motive, means and opportunity fuels the public certainty that such conspiracies are already in the planning stages, if not in effect.
With aliens and UFOs, the credible film and witness statements of airborne objects that behave in ways that no known vehicle can behave lend credence to other theories, such as hidden bases where actual aliens are interacting with our governments.
Finally, technology that may have alarming consequences is generally and reasonably developed and tested in secrecy and under great security. However, evidence of major problems that the technology may cause, such as diseases and disorders from food additives, the ethics of cloning, or the HARP array can take on more power as appeals to authority (a logical fallacy), “testing”, and hypotheses are publicised. When a MIT professor or a retired participant makes statements, the statements are more likely to take on power. Others who attempt to expose the activities are dismissed as eccentrics who carry no weight as authorities, but who can still make convincing arguments that are accepted by many.
Conspiracy theories are actually a healthy social process. They keep the elites and the governments on notice that there is only so much secrecy, arrogance, and excess that will be allowed by the populace. In the absence of the truth, the public will do the best that they can to get to the truth of the matter. In the absence of oversight by those who wish to protect the public safety and well being, the public will become more adamant about obtaining the truth, while not compromising national security.