There are various factors can contribute to the development of shyness in children.
The factors include living environment, chemical imbalance, negative social experiences, heredity, and the combination of all three.
Children are very sensitive to what goes on around them. Between the ages of 0 – 5 years, children absorb more outside information that any other time. This is the time when they are making connections with the world and associating certain elements with each other. If a child experiences any kind of trauma during this time, it could contribute to shyness or other psychological disorders. It is their minds way of coping with the damage that has been done.
A persons living environment is very important to how they deal with social situations. For example, if a child grew up in a crowded home, this could contribute to their shyness and make them more withdrawn than ever. However, there are some children who are not affected by their home living. Others are affected minimally. Studies have shown it does affect them in some ways.
In some cases, shyness runs in the family. For example, a young child could inherit the shyness from her mother. The mother could have inherited it from her mother. Some people have a certain gene in their blood that makes them more susceptible to the illness. With proper medication and treatment, shyness can be decreased.
Since shyness is a psychological illness, it may be caused by a chemical imbalance in the brain as well. This is why some people feel more shy in certain situations than others. It has a lot to do with chemicals in the brain. For example, a little boy may be more outspoken with his close friends than his family members. This can happen for a combination of reasons, but the way the brain deals with hormones has a lot to do with it. Chemicals like serotonin help keep the equilibrium.
Negative social situation
This is one of the largest reasons behind shyness. When a child is young, they are learning a lot about socialization. For some children, it can be very difficult to come to terms with interacting. A child could have been mocked and teased throughout childhood. As they grow older, socializing becomes something they despise. Psychologically speaking a child begins to associate interacting with people as something bad. Eventually they seek to avoid it at all cost.
Shyness is something that can be fought, but it takes time and assistance to get through it.