White Bump on Gums: What are Most Common Causes

A lump or bump on your gums is a mild condition for us, noncancerous growths in our mouth can be caused by an irritation and they are relatively normal. In severe case that the bumps or lumps may indicate to be cancerous, the doctor will remove them by surgery.

What Causes Bumps on Gums

The three common conditions of a bump on the gum can be caused by an infection, injuries or canker sores. Some are painless and the others are painful. Other conditions could be oral cancers or tumors of the teeth or jaw, but those are usually rare causes. For women who are pregnant who can form a lump or two near their gum line can be caused by hormonal changes and are called a pyogenic granuloma or granuloma gravidarum.


Tooth infections are the most common reason that lead to a small white bump, such as an infection in the tooth due to trauma, an infection by a decayed tooth and the dental chronic abscess. These infections can get your body to drain them out for protecting the area.

Gum Disease:

Gingivitis, as a serious tooth problem, is the common cause of the small hard bumps. It can cause your gum swollen and frequent bleeding, and you should go to see a dentist right now.

Canker Sores:

These ulcers usually appear inside your mouth and they can be painful. In some case, they might have a white coating. Canker sores can be due to a few of things, such as bad diet, food allergy, stress and even menstruation.


There are other things that can get white bumps, some people will get this condition after a tooth extraction or getting braces put on.

What are Symptoms

A bump on the gum is actually different than a lump on the gum. A bump on the gum, called a gumboil or parulis, can be found around the teeth by the lips or cheeks, along with the roof of one’s mouth. This infection of the gum can have some inflammation around the bump and there may be an abscess. These are called by a tooth that had died due to decay or infection, called a non-vital tooth. When the nerve tissue dies, the tissue causes a response where white blood cells enter the area to prevent an infection. Also, it forms when is pressure from an abscess in the bone and the toxicity of the dead nerve tissue. The bump is filled with pus at the base of the tooth which breaks through the skin to form the bump or boil. When the bump pops or releases the pus, there can be a salty or bitter taste. The gum boil may not necessarily be painful, but always does require medical attention. If there is any pain, the person usually makes an immediate appointment with their dentist.  The treatment for parulus is an extraction of the tooth or a root canal for the tooth.

Tips to Maintain Healthy Gums

Having a good oral routine will enable you to have healthy gums and teeth which is extremely important not just for beauty but for health.

We must brush our teeth 2 minutes twice a day every single day. This will remove bacteria, odor and plaque that has built up upon our teeth during the day, by brushing our teeth it will make sure that there is not a build-up that will cause infections (root canal) or bad breath which is extremely unpleasant. Only brush your teeth just before going bed to make sure that you do not eat anything after brushing, as in the night there is time for the sugar to dissolve your teeth and cause a cavity.

Mouth Wash
Using mouthwash will ensure that we remove as much plaque and bacteria as possible. Purchase a mouthwash that does not contain any alcohol from brands such as ‘Oral B’ as it may make individuals prone to mouth cancer. Use it after you brush your teeth, this will make sure that as much plaque and bacteria is removed from the brushing and the mouthwash. But do not rinse with water after using the mouth.

As brushing cannot get in between your teeth, you must floss your teeth everyday to remove any food that may have left there. Flossing in the night is best so you can remove all traces of food and bacteria that you have eaten at the end of the day. Make sure you floss between every teeth and remove all food that is stuck, it should take a couple of minutes.

To ensure that you maintain healthy gums and teeth make sure that you minimize the amount of sweets, sugars and fizzy drinks that you consume and these are extremely bad for your teeth. They get stuck in and also they erode your teeth when left on for a long period. Rinse your mouth after consuming these foods and drinks so they damage will be decreased.

The above is all you need to maintain healthy gums as you only have two sets of teeth your whole life, your adult teeth need to be cared for as you’ll live with them for as long as you live.