Titanium’s atomic number is 22, and its symbol is Ti. The atomic weight and atomic radius are 47.90 and 144.8 pm respectively. It’s melting point is 1668 C and it Boiling point is 3287 C. Titanium’s oxidation states are 4,3,2. Titanium’s electron configuration is [Ar] 4s2 3d2. It is present in meteorites and the sun. Titanium occurs in the minerals rutile, ilmenite, and shpene. it is also present in ash of coal and plants.
Titanium is a corrosion resistant metal that is well known for being extremely strong. It is light and is considered a transition metal( which is any element of the table of elements that is in group d). Titanium can be alloyed with several elements such as iron and aluminum to make lightweight product to use for various projects like spacecraft, jet engines ,missiles, and mobile phones. Titanuim is widely distributed across the Earth and is found in almost all living thing, like rocks, water bodies and soil. The person who named this element titanium was Willium Gregor and he named the element Titanium after the titans of Greek mythology. It was discovered in Cornwall, England 1791 .Titanium is extracted from mineral ores through various methods. One method is called the Kroll process, where it is turned into a liquid and is treated with chlorine gas, and the Hunter process.
The two properties that are used the most are its resistance to corrosion and the highest strength to weight ratio of any other material. Titanium is stronger than some steels but is lighter than most. Titanium has a strength of 63,000 psi and is 65% heavier than aluminum. Titanium loses its strength after 800 degrees F. It is extremely hard, non-metallic and is a poor conductor to electricity. Titanium is one of the many elements that is always bonded with other elements in nature. It can be found in several different kinds of rocks, but mainly in igneous rock and sediments derived from them. Studies show that titanium was found in different types of igneous rock.
Several experiments have shown that when duetrons blast titanium it becomes highly radioactive and starts emmiting hard gamma rays. When titanium is extremly hot, it fuses with oxygen. At 1,022 F( 550 C) it mixes with chloride and other halogens, even hydrogen. Titanianium has very low electrical and thermal conductivity. Titanium c2an burn in air when heated to 2200 F ( 1200 C) or titanium dioxide when heated to 1130 F ( 610 C).