Psychology focuses on the study of the individual’s personality, emotions, and behavior. People, however, are born with different aspects of social lifestyles and life in general. Psychologists have found a simpler way to differentiate these personalities: By breaking down these aspects into seven, distinct perspectives.
Humanism was recognised by Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers in the 1950s and 60s, The humanistic perspective describes people who have a more positive attitude towards being human. They assume that instead of being confined inside humanity by fate, humans have free choice and can do as they please. How the average person lives and experiences life is basically what humanists focus on, but they also believe in the idea that every single person deserves to have respect.
This approach best describes the unconscious mind. An individual’s past memories and experiences are believed to stay put in their unconscious state. Sigmund Freud was a firm believer that an unconscious mind majorly affects one’s behavior. A majority of his theories were based on dreams and what they symbolised depending on the memories or events that took place in that person’s life.
The behavioral perspective is the learning of behaviors. In the 50s, it began decline as a major perspective. Today, it is popularised by psychiatrists and many counselors. The health of a person’s mind is characterised by their behavior. These therapists use behaviorism to diagnose and treat many illnesses associated with someone’s background. Their behavior can be greatly influenced by any sickness they have.
Processes of a person’s mind is the main focus of the cognitive perspective. These processes include thought, memory, learning, and understanding of things. How people take in information and store it is another focus that relates to these processes. What separates this form of psychology from other perspectives, is that it uses scientific methods. It looks deeper inside the mind to its actual mental state.
In this aspect of psychology, traits such as language and perception are accepted as adaptations. According to evolutionary psychologists, these adaptations were evolved from our ancestors in order for us to improve our thinking and problem solving. Some fears are believed to be inherited from these ancestral traits. Though mental traits have evolved over generations, there are some of the characteristics that have stayed the same. Such traits include sexual and natural selection.
This perspective describes traits just as the name says. Unlike the others, the socio-cultural perspective notices that the mental state can be influenced by culture and social framework. People are different just as their culture and social beings are different. Culture may influence your psychological systems like thought. Social life can also alter the mind by influencing behavior or another cognitive process. In a way, the cognitive perspective may be affected by the socio-culture perspective.
Neuroscience in psychology may also be defined as the body and mind connection. The brain is the link between the body and the mind. In other words, responses of the body can influence how behavior in human beings change. These responses come from things like drugs and hormones that can affect a person’s body physically and mentally.
In a way, all of these perspectives have similarities. The psychological state of mind is influenced by so many different factors. In order to classify these factors, psychologist have founded these terms to use. Who knows? There may be even more perspectives not yet discovered.