The role of acidophilus in the prevention and treatment of infection
It should come as no surprise that our health is in balance between biochemistry reactions. Functional role of Lactobacillus acidophilus can be description by biochemistry too.
In general, the probiotic (“for life”, like non-science term) types of bacteria use for yogurt production. L. acidophilus have been studied extensively because of their role in an additional medical treatment and in a life quality; when the strains are used in many dairy products. It is a very interesting applied biotechnology science area for medical training in any country.
Health effects: antidiarrhoeal agent; light prophylactic antibiotic; cholesterol level corrector; toxic amines level in the blood of dialysis patient corrector; immunostimulants in antiviral therapy; the production of vitamin K, lactase and bacteriocins; analgesic effects (in laboratory animal experiments) when intestinal pain is.
Lactobacillus acidophilus: shape – rod shaped; gram staining – positive (blue); growth requirements – anaerobic or microaerophiling; optimum conditions to growth – T 37°C (98.6°F), pH 5.0; is resistant to bile and low pH.
One of the important roles of acidophilus that have the protective effect in the intestinal microbial ecosystem is the probiotic agent.
All of us, in sickness and in health, produce large amounts of acids every day including lactic acid fermentation in bacteria cells. The biochemistry process is the way to prevent gastrointestinal disorders.
How does it work?
There are several types of intestinal disease causes by infection:
Bacterial Viral Fungal Parasitic
Glucose from food is one of components in the regulation of gene expression on transcription of operon level in bacteria. Bacterial infection of the intestine is a major cause of morbidity worldwide. Bacterial contamination of water supplies in developing countries is a major cause of diarrhoeal illness. Causes of bacterial aetiology include campylobacter, salmonella, shigella, E.coli, Staph.aureus, and Clostridium perfrigens. Escherichia.coli is responsible for diarrhea in neonates and infants, travelers` diarrhea, and haemorrhagic colitis and haemolytic uraemic syndrome. Study found that feed supplemented with L.acidophilus resulted in a 61% reduction of E.coli because of concurrent fighting for recover normal intestinal flora. It is estimate as light prophylactic antibiotic effect. Colony can help to macrophages in the phagocytosis process. An additional effect of the lowered pH is producing the acidic environment that impossible for life for many types of harmful bacteria.
Viral infection can be introducing by rotavirus. Children with rotaviral diarrhea need in large doses of lactobacillus as additional antidiarrhoeal agent for symptomatic control. L.acidophilus may stimulate the immune response as simulation by its relation to gut-associated lymphoid tissue and by its participating in the complement system antigen-antibodies. And its help in neutralization of toxins produced by pathogen bacteria.
In case with diarrhea due traveling yogurt works like correction of fluid and electrolyte imbalance with nutritional support and can help to decrease inflammatory process.
Conclusion: The Lactobacillus acidophilus is likely safe for most people a complex machine whose purpose is to survive in gastrointestinal tract by protection its surrounding environment as result to aid to macro organism. From theory to practice way result is in commercial yogurt production as a necessary diary food product. It is a low cost for easy prevention of an intestinal infection. It take 10 days at least for good colonization result.