Taking care of your skin is the only way to have beautiful and youthful skin, even as you age. With all the things that affect skin and all the skin types out there, it can be hard to figure out what’s right for you. If you know the basics and follow a few simple tips, you too can have healthy skin for a long time.
The basic skin care routine you should follow is cleansing, toning, moisturizing and sun protection. You should of course customize this to fit your skin type and keep in mind that your skin type may change depending on the season, your diet or age.
The purpose of cleansing is to remove dirt, makeup and other contaminants from your skin. It’s an important step as this can seep into your pores, clogging them. Most people cleanse twice a day, morning and night. If that’s too much cleansing for you, then you can do it once a day either morning or night. When preparing your face for the cleanser, you should splash lukewarm or warm water on your face to open the pores, helping the product work into your skin. Use a dime-sized amount of cleanser all over your face, rubbing in gently. Remove with cool water. Pat your face dry on a clean towel, making sure skin stays moist. I recommend cleansers that don’t have soaps, detergents or alcohols in the ingredients as these are very harsh on your skin. If you use a cleansing bar, you should use a more natural alternative like one made of oatmeal.
Toning is seen as essential, depending on your skin type. If you have oily skin, then you most likely will benefit from following up cleansing with toning. The purpose of a toner is to remove any remaining traces of oil, makeup or other residue. Witch hazel is often used as a toner and I prefer it but some find it too irritating or find it dries out their skin too much. If this is the case, look for a toner that doesn’t contain witch hazel or alcohol. If your skin isn’t oily, but you still like the way a toner makes your skin feel, then by all means use it. You know your skin better than anyone.
Whether you applied toner or not, the next step should be a moisturizer. Of course they’re great if you have dry skin but they also help people with oily skin. The trick is just finding the right one for your skin type. Moisturizers are used to improve the hydration of your skin and not create more sebum or oil. Your skin may produce more sebum if it feels it’s lacking hydration. If you apply a moisturizer, thats right for your skin, it will keep you hydrated and your body won’t produce as much.
An absolute must is sun protection. Sun damage is the number 1 cause of wrinkles but it can also cause serious problems like skin cancer. Sunblock is a must all year round. Don’t be fooled by thinking you aren’t still receiving dangerous rays in the dead of winter. Many moisturizers now contain UV protection so look for those or get a good sunscreen or sunblock. The difference between the two is that the sunscreen will absorb the light while a sunblock reflects the light off of you. I prefer spray on sunblocks since they dry fast and don’t leave you feeling greasy or looking extremely white. It’s really up to you to decide which you prefer, just make sure you don’t leave the house without it on.