Each woman may experience different symptoms during pregnancy. Some women seem to have all the classic symptoms and others worry that something may be wrong because she may feel no common symptoms. Early in a pregnancy, the baby is tiny and developing at a rapid rate. The woman’s body experiences many changes during the first few weeks and month of early pregnancy.
Some women may experience implantation bleeding. The embryo implants into the uterine wall between 6 and 12 days after fertilization occurs in the fallopian tubes, according to the American Pregnancy Association. Cramping and light spotting define this implantation bleeding. For women on a 28-day cycle, the implantation spotting occurs about a week before a normal menstrual period occurs.
Absent Menstrual Cycle
The first symptom most women recognize in early pregnancy is an absence of a monthly period. Once the baby implants into the lining of the uterus, the menstrual period ends. Some woman may experience a continued period or a shorter, lighter period during an early pregnancy, but this is not as typical. An absent menstrual period prompts many women to take a home pregnancy test.
Changes in the breasts are common during early pregnancy. These changes include enlargement and tenderness. The tenderness occurs in the breast and in the areola. An enlargement of the areola is also common for pregnant women. As the breasts grow, blue veins under the skin appear more visible as the body increases the blood supply. In addition to the tenderness, the breasts may feel full and heavy, according to the Mayo Clinic. Hormonal changes are responsible for these changes in the breasts.
Newly pregnant women experience fatigue. Progesterone is a hormone responsible for the increased fatigue. As a pregnancy progresses, the progesterone levels in the body increase and a woman feels sleepy. This fatigue decreases energy levels and does not normally improve with sleep.
Nausea and Vomiting
Chalking it up to more hormones, an early symptom of pregnancy is nausea and vomiting. Commonly referred to as morning sickness, the nausea—with or without vomiting—may occur at anytime, not just in the mornings. As estrogen levels rise in the body, the stomach delays emptying its contents and causes nausea.
Women may experience pain in several different ways when newly pregnant. Some women have cramping sensations in the uterus, similar to cramping with a menstrual period. Other women experience headaches or backaches.
As any significant other will tell you, many pregnant women swing quickly between moods. As hormones rage through the body, women may have difficulty keeping emotions in control. Crying is common for pregnant women.
About this Author
Abigail Adams is educated and licensed as a registered nurse receiving her degree from North Georgia College and State University. She began her freelance writing career in 2009, teaching others about medical conditions and promoting wellness by writing on eHow and LIVESTRONG.