Acne is a disorder of the hair follicles and sebaceous glands. The sebaceous glands produce oil known as sebum which travels to the surface of the skin via the follicles. The follicles can become clogged, especially when the production of sebum is high. The plugged follicles may eventually burst, resulting in open acne lesions. The most effective method of getting rid of painful acne bumps typically involves applying a topical medication to the affected area of skin or taking an oral medication.
Wash your acne bumps with a mild, liquid cleanser. Rub the cleanser gently against your skin with a soft washcloth and rinse it off with warm water. Pat your skin dry with a clean towel. Limit your washing to twice a day so that you don’t dry out your skin.
Take oral antibiotics to eradicate bacteria throughout your body, including your acne bumps. Oral antibiotics for the treatment of acne are generally prescription broad-spectrum antibiotics such as tetracycline, doxycycline and erythromycin. These antibiotics kill a variety of bacteria, including P. acnes.
Apply benzoyl peroxide medication directly to your acne bumps. Topical medications that contain benzoyl peroxide can help eradicate the colonies of the P. acnes that grow in your follicles. Prescription medications that contain adapalene or tretinoin make new lesions less likely to develop and also help to unclog pimples.
Take isotretinoin (Accutane) as prescribed by a dermatologist. This medication is effective in treating acne bumps by reducing the production of sebum. A dermatologist should only prescribe isotretinoin for acne bumps that don’t respond to other types of treatment. Isotretinoin should never be taken by women who are pregnant or can become pregnant.
About this Author
Allan Robinson holds a bachelor’s degree with majors in biology andmathematics. He has written numerous health articles for sitessuch as eHow and LIVESTRONG. Robinson also has 15 years experience asa software engineer and has extensive accreditations in softwareengineering.